Terminology – Diagnostics and Pathology Related to Scoliosis Causation

The following are some terms I’ve encountered in studies of potential causes for non-idiopathic scoliosis.  I will continue to expand this list over time.

  • Aetiology: A variant of etiology (see etiology, below)
  • Contracture: Muscle Tightening; a permanent tightening or shortening of a body part such as a muscle, tendon, or the skin, often affecting its shape.
  • Dystonia/Dystonic: a neurological movement disorder in which sustained muscle contractions cause twisting and repetitive movement or abnormal postures.
  • Etiology: Study of causation. The cause or set of causes
  • Osteopenia: reduced bone mass of lesser severity than osteoporosis.
  • Pes Valgus: “Bent foot” most often found on the side of the Thoracic concavity per page 67 of “Three Dimensional Treatment for Scoliosis”

Pes Valgus

  • Polyarthritis: Arthritis involving 5 or more joints simultaneously.  Some studies show a high incidence of scoliosis in polyarthritic patients, particularly where the hips, knees and ankles are involved.
  • Spina Bifida Occulta: A minor form of Spina Bifida, an open defect.  Some studies suggest a link as a causal factor for non-idiopathic scoliosis.Spina Bifida
  • Torticollis: also known as “wry neck” or “loxia”, is a dystonic condition defined by an abnormal, asymmetrical head or neck position, which may be due to a variety of causes.

Disclaimer:  I am not, in any way, medically trained and you should seek professional medical advice before making any decisions based on information found here.

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